Dental trauma is an injury that affects the mouth, including the jawbones, tongue, lips, gum, and teeth. Injuries in the mouth are excruciating and immediate treatment should be given. The most common trauma is a lost or broken tooth. If one sustains these dental injuries, dentist advice should be sought immediately; if there is a fractured piece, the patient should bring it along to the dentist.
Fractures are the most common trauma where they can be simple or severe fractures. In a simple fracture, the fracture only affects the enamel, which is the hard outer covering; this fracture is not painful as it leaves an edge that can be filled quickly. In a severe fracture, the teeth are sensitive to heat, cold and touch; the fracture can expose the inner parts of the tooth. If the internal components are exposed, the risk of bacterial infections is high.
The diagnosis and treatment of the dental traumas.
An examination diagnoses the dental trauma by a maxillofacial surgeon, a dental x-ray that estimates the damage, and an x-ray of the mandible parts, which evaluates the broken jaw. If the teeth have been displaced, the tooth can be re-planted immediately. To protect the periodontal ligaments, one can place gauze and keep it down by biting the gauze. Apply an ice pack to ease pain and swelling. Keep the tooth moist and carry it along to the dentist.
If the tooth is broken, the patient should clean it, wash the food particles and debris from it, rush to the doctor immediately. If the tooth is displaced, the patient should try putting it back gently and don’t pressure, bite down to prevent the tooth from moving, and then rush to the dentist. If there is a cut on the tongue, the lips or the gums, rinse with water, apply ice packs and visit the dentist.